Algebra and Geometry seminar 30/04

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Friday, April 30th at 10:30, Kathlén Kohn (KTH Stockholm)

The adjoint of a polytope

This talk brings many areas together: discrete geometry, statistics, intersection theory, classical algebraic geometry, physics, and geometric modeling. First, we recall the definitions of the adjoint of a polytope given Wachspress in 1975 and by Warren in 1996 in the context of geometric modeling. They defined this polynomial to generalize barycentric coordinates from simplices to arbitrary polytopes. Secondly, we show how this polynomial appears in statistics (as the numerator of a generating function over all moments of the uniform probability distribution on a polytope), in intersection theory (as the central piece in Segre classes of monomial schemes), and in physics (when studying scattering amplitudes). Thirdly, we show that the adjoint is the unique polynomial of minimal degree which vanishes on the non-faces of a simple polytope. Finally, we observe that adjoints of polytopes are special cases of the classical notion of adjoints of divisors. Since the adjoint of a simple polytope is unique, the corresponding divisors have unique canonical curves. In the case of three-dimensional polytopes, we show that these divisors are either K3- or elliptic surfaces.
This talk is based on joint works with Kristian Ranestad, Boris Shapiro and Bernd Sturmfels.
The seminar will take place online. Click here for the Zoom link.
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Ultimo aggiornamento: 19-04-2021 - 15:40